China has set the goal of “peak carbon dioxide emissions around 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060”.
In this regard, to achieve carbon neutrality requires an additional investment of about 138 trillion yuan, and carbon neutrality will drive 70 trillion green Voices such as infrastructure investment are endless. It is foreseeable that carbon neutrality will open up a market of around trillions.
Experts pointed out that to achieve "carbon neutrality" in our country, we must consider the energy efficiency of industry and electricity and the use of renewable energy from the emission side. On the other hand, natural absorption through forests, oceans and other carbon sinks also requires a certain amount of artificial carbon sinks to support.
The report "Full-caliber Zero Emission Demonstration: Globally Facing Green Urbanization Innovation" released by the Rocky Mountain Institute shows that full-caliber zero-emissions need to focus on clean energy technology, efficient industry, low-carbon materials, green transportation, smart buildings, digitalization and Eight aspects including information technology and comprehensive urban governance have been realized.
Data shows that most of the carbon emissions come from power generation and industry. In addition, the transportation industry also occupies a certain share, while agricultural, commercial and residential emissions account for a relatively small proportion. Therefore, priority should be given to industries that account for 83% of carbon emissions.
Therefore, China will plan the path of energy production and consumption transformation and upgrading under the “carbon neutral” scenario as soon as possible, continue to promote the development of a high proportion of renewable energy, coordinate centralized and distributed development and utilization methods, and promote the continuous growth of installed capacity of renewable energy such as wind and solar .
The former deputy director of the National Energy Administration said frankly that it is difficult to accomplish the task of "carbon neutrality" by relying on existing paths, and it is urgent to seek new paths and make major breakthroughs to achieve the goal. In this regard, the former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering emphasized that digital technology, energy storage technology and peak shaving technology can turn non-fossil energy into a stable output high-quality power source, and will play an important role in realizing energy substitution and reducing the proportion of fossil energy.
Carbon reduction and carbon neutrality also provide a rare historical opportunity for the development of clean energy in rural areas. Industry insiders believe that rural areas should rely on abundant biomass resources to organically combine the treatment of agricultural and forestry wastes, household garbage, and manure to establish a clean energy system with high efficiency, low cost, and low emissions.
At the same time, it is necessary to calculate the operating costs of the farmer households, villages, and township systems based on facts, and find out which ones should be borne by the market or farmers, which are the links and scope of government subsidies, and how much subsidies are. Investing in a village or a town is sustainable what is the operating cost to ensure that the villagers are "affordable, available, and well-used".
In terms of traffic emission reduction, State Grid has built a "ten vertical, ten horizontal and two ring" expressway fast charging network, covering 171 cities; built the world's largest smart car networking platform, providing travel services for 4.8 million electric vehicles. At the same time, the company has also strengthened the R&D and application of new technologies such as V2G, forming a standard system for charging and replacing batteries.
The changes in the field of architecture must be closely integrated with my country's urbanization process. In the context of carbon emission reduction, ultra-low, near-zero, and zero-energy buildings have gradually formed an industry consensus as the future "2025-2035-2050" building energy efficiency development goal.